PEOPLE AND PLACES

PEOPLE AND PLACES

Monday, August 21, 2017




MILITARY STRATEGY TO FIGHT THE WAR IN AFGHANISTAN: drones to replace infantry that can carry and fire everything from a machine gun to a rocket launcher

  • It can carry and fire military weapons including rifles and grenade launchers
  • The drone can carry up to 22 pounds (10 kilograms) and is remotely operated 
  • It has the potential to be deployed in areas that can't be reached by soldiers
  • The drone have already been ordered by the Israeli military and they're also being pitched for use by the US military



Florida based startup has developed a done that can carry and fire military weapons, including rifles and grenade launchers.  
The TIKAD drone, which was tested on a target in Israel in 2015, is remotely-operated and has been refined to absorb recoil motion from the firing of a weapon.
The drone, which has the potential to reduce the number of boots on the ground in conflict situations, has already been ordered by the Israeli military and is being pitched for use by the US military.
Scroll down for video 
The TIKAD drone, which was tested on a target in Israel in 2015, has been refined to absorb recoil motion from the firing of a weapon
The TIKAD drone, which was tested on a target in Israel in 2015, has been refined to absorb recoil motion from the firing of a weapon
Duke Robotics co-founder and 20-year Israeli military veteran Lieutenant Colonel Raziel Atuar told Defense One that the drone can carry up to 22 pounds (10 kilograms) and is remotely operated. 
This means that a person would control the multirotor drone's flight and targeting from a distance.

THE TIKAD DRONE  

A Florida based startup has developed that can carry and fire military weapons, including rifles and grenade launchers.  
The TIKAD drone, which was tested on a target in Israel in 2015, has been refined to absorb recoil motion from the firing of a weapon.
Florida based startup Duke Robotics has developed a done that can carry and fire military weapons, including rifles and grenade launchers
Florida based startup Duke Robotics has developed a done that can carry and fire military weapons, including rifles and grenade launchers
The drone can carry up to 22 pounds  (10 kilograms) and is remotely operated. 
This means that a person would control the multirotor drone's flight and targeting from a distance.
The TIKAD can be deployed above water and ends with a minimum risk situation.
 Until now, troops had to be there to investigate. 
The TIKAD can be deployed above water and ends with a minimum risk situation. Until now, troops had to be there to investigate
The TIKAD can be deployed above water and ends with a minimum risk situation. Until now, troops had to be there to investigate
 The TIKAD can be deployed above water and ends with a minimum risk situation.
Until now, troops had to be there to investigate. 
According to a video by Duke Robotics, the drone can identify enemies and be deployed in areas that human soldiers cannot reach or are simply dangerous. 

No more boots on the ground: Combat drone the new face of warfare

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When the Israeli military tested a 30-pound (13-kilogram) rifle on an consumer drone supplied by Duke Robotics, it was able to stay in the air for just five minutes. 
But this was an off-the-shelf drone, and the design has since been improved.  
Duke Robotics co-founder Raziel Atuar said that he was inspired to design the drone after he grew fed-up of seeing his fellow soldiers and civilians die in street battles in Israel.
The drone can carry up to 22 pounds (10 kilograms) and is remotely operated. This means that a person would control the multirotor drone's flight and targeting from a distance
The drone can carry up to 22 pounds (10 kilograms) and is remotely operated. This means that a person would control the multirotor drone's flight and targeting from a distance
'You have small groups [of adversaries] working within crowded civilian areas using civilians as shields,' Atuar said.
'But you have to go in. 
'Even to just get a couple of guys with a mortar, you have to send in a battalion and you lose guys. 
According to a video by Duke Robotics, the drone can identify enemies and be deployed in areas that human soldiers cannot reach or are simply dangerous 
According to a video by Duke Robotics, the drone can identify enemies and be deployed in areas that human soldiers cannot reach or are simply dangerous 
'People get hurt. '
'The operational challenge, it bothered us.'  
In 2016, the US Department of Defense chose the TIKAD drone as the winner of the 2016 terror combat competition. 
In 2016, the US Department of Defense chose the TIKAD drone as the winner of the 2016 terror combat competition
In 2016, the US Department of Defense chose the TIKAD drone as the winner of the 2016 terror combat competition
 The TIKAD drone, which was tested on a target in Israel in 2015, has been refined to absorb recoil motion from the firing of a weapon
 The TIKAD drone, which was tested on a target in Israel in 2015, has been refined to absorb recoil motion from the firing of a weapon
This isn't the first done that's been developed for military purposes. 
In July of this year, the US army revealed an experimental drone that resembles a flying squirrel, relying on tilt-rotors to ‘transform in flight.’ 
The design could allow for unmanned craft that work alongside soldiers on the field in real time, acting as an extra set of eyes to scout out potential dangers ahead.
When the Israeli military tested a 30-pound (13-kilogram) rifle on an consumer drone supplied by Duke Robotics, it was able to stay in the air for just five minutes. But this was an off-the-shelf drone, and the design has since been improved
When the Israeli military tested a 30-pound (13-kilogram) rifle on an consumer drone supplied by Duke Robotics, it was able to stay in the air for just five minutes. But this was an off-the-shelf drone, and the design has since been improved
Lieutenant Colonel Raziel Atuar, a 20-year Israeli military veteran and the co-founder of Duke Robotics, said that he was inspired to design the drone after he grew fed-up of seeing his fellow soldiers and civilians die in street battles in Israel
Lieutenant Colonel Raziel Atuar, a 20-year Israeli military veteran and the co-founder of Duke Robotics, said that he was inspired to design the drone after he grew fed-up of seeing his fellow soldiers and civilians die in street battles in Israel
While previous attempts to create drones of this kind combine a typical quadrotor and a fixed wing aircraft, the new approach allows the motors themselves to tilt, to optimize weight and efficiency. 
It uses a large half-circle of orange paper to slow its movements, and, using a motion capture system, the position of the craft can be tracked as it flies, and these these coordinates can be used for optimal control.
And last year in 2016, the 'bomb robot' killing of a suspected Dallas shooter may have been the first lethal use of an automated device by American police.
In July of this year, the US army revealed an experimental drone that resembles a flying squirrel, relying on tilt-rotors to ‘transform in flight.’ According to the experts, this design could allow for unmanned craft that work alongside soldiers, scouting out potential dangers
In July of this year, the US army revealed an experimental drone that resembles a flying squirrel, relying on tilt-rotors to ‘transform in flight.’ According to the experts, this design could allow for unmanned craft that work alongside soldiers, scouting out potential dangers
The US Army has revealed an experimental drone that resembles a flying squirrel (pictured), relying on tilt-rotors to ‘transform in flight.’ The new approach allows the motors themselves to tilt, to optimize weight and efficiency
The US Army has revealed an experimental drone that resembles a flying squirrel (pictured), relying on tilt-rotors to ‘transform in flight.’ The new approach allows the motors themselves to tilt, to optimize weight and efficiency
It was not immediately clear what kind of device was used by the Explosive Ordnance Squad in Dallas, but the force is known to have access to a Northrop Grumman Remotec Andros F6A or F6B, a ground drone and standard model for police and military use. 
William Flanagan, a retired deputy police chief from New York's Nassau County who now does law enforcement and technology consulting, speculated that police in Dallas probably equipped their robot with a low-powered explosive - possibly one similar to what bomb squads use to blow up suspicious packages - that would only disable what's closest to it.
The Dallas police force is known to have access to a Northrop Grumman Remotec Andros F6A or F6B, a standard model for police and military use
The Dallas police force is known to have access to a Northrop Grumman Remotec Andros F6A or F6B, a standard model for police and military use
It was not immediately confirmed what kind of device was used in Dallas, Texas. Here, Arlington Fire Department officials stand by a robot bomb vehicle made by Northrop Grumman, a standard model for police and military use and one of three at the department's disposal
It was not immediately confirmed what device was used in Dallas, Texas. Here, Arlington Fire Department officials stand by a robot bomb disposal vehicle made by Northrop Grumman, a standard model for police and military use and one of three at the department's disposal

  • The Armored Ground Vehicle (AGV) and Armored Gun System (AGS) programs also wasted tens of billions of dollars before being cancelled without achieving their intended goals. These programs were chiefly defeated by an overly bureaucratic Army acquisition system, and the fact that the Army had asked for far too much from the defense industry, demanding many new and unproven technological advancements.
    The FCS was the most expensive, most ambitious, and most transformative modernization program ever undertaken by the U.S. Army. It is often hypothesized that the U.S. experience in the first Gulf War of 1991 and in the NATO Kosovo intervention of 1999, led to the desire for a more rapidly deployable U.S. Army expeditionary force.
    FCS envisioned a highly mobile new Army, light enough to be air-deployable, yet lethal enough to survive on the modern battlefield. This survivability would be provided through the leveraging of new technologies, as well as superior command and control capabilities that would tie together all the various armed forces in a seamless information sharing and communications network.
    The Army set very high deployment goals as part of FCS, which would prove to be unattainable. The U.S. Army would strive to attain the ability to deploy a combat brigade anywhere in the world within 96 hours, a full division within 120 hours, and no less than five divisions in 30 days. Often referred to as “18+1+1”, FCS envisioned 20 different components integrated together to form the new warfighting system. Eighteen new manned and unmanned vehicles were planned, one computer network integrating all components, communications, information and services, and most importantly, the fighting soldier.
    Currently, the U.S. Army relies overwhelmingly on armored vehicle systems that were developed in the 1970s. These systems proved their worth over the last two decades. These “legacy” systems have been repeatedly improved since their introduction. These improvements have consisted of more powerful and efficient engines and drivetrain, modernized communications equipment, targeting and sensory upgrades, improved armor and improved weapons systems
    The U.S. Army currently fields the M1A2 SEP (System Enhancement Package) MBTs which are a significant improvement over older models. The latest improvement on the design is the SEPv.3 (version 3). The SEPv.3 achieves notable improvements in its fire control system, ballistics computer and thermal imaging sights.

    The SEPv.3 has been strengthened against IED attacks, and has additional layers of graphite coated depleted uranium added to its composite armor. It is considered one of the best protected MBTs in the world, despite the fact that it currently lacks an Active Protection System (APS).  It has been proposed that the M1A2 SEPv.3 can be retrofitted with the Israeli Trophy APS, or the Quick Kill APS system being developed by Raytheon.
  • DARPA says the US Army and Marine Corps have expressed interest in future GXV-T capabilities



Armored tanks are built to protect, but they weren't designed to manuvere through rough terrain or avoid incoming threats.
New concept vehicles have dropped the extra thick steel padding, allowing future machines to travel over 95 percent of available terrain and with more speed.
Created by the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA), the Ground X-Vehicle Technology program is working to produce 'nimble, fast and smart' combat trucks that are able to shield themselves from enemies and deflect targeted missiles. 

A new concept design drops the extra thick steel padding from the machines, allowing the future fighting vehicles to travel over 95 percent of available terrain and with more speed. Created by the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA), the Ground X-Vehicle Technology program is working to produce 'nimble, fast, smart' combat trucks that can shield itself and deflect missiles
A new concept design drops the extra thick steel padding from the machines, allowing the future fighting vehicles to travel over 95 percent of available terrain and with more speed. Created by the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA), the Ground X-Vehicle Technology program is working to produce 'nimble, fast, smart' combat trucks that can shield itself and deflect missiles

WHAT TECHNICAL AREAS WILL GXV-T PURSUE RESEARCH IN? 

Radically Enhanced Mobility—Ability to traverse diverse off-road terrain, including slopes and various elevations.
Survivability through Agility—Autonomously avoid incoming threats without harming occupants through technologies that enable, for example, agile motion and active repositioning of armor. 
Crew Augmentation—Improved physical and electronically assisted situational awareness for crew and passengers; semi-autonomous driver assistance and automation of key crew functions similar to capabilities found in modern commercial airplane cockpits. 
Signature Management—Reduction of detectable signatures, including visible, infrared, acoustic and electromagnetic.
Source: DARPA 
'DARPA's performers for GXV-T are helping defy the 'more armor equals better protection' axiom that has constrained armored ground vehicle design for the past 100 years,' said Major Christopher Orlowski, DARPA program manager.
DARPA awarded a total of eight contracts to a group of defense contractors and research institutes.
Corporate units include Raytheon, Honeywell International, Ledios, QuinetiQ and Pratt & Miller.
Also in the mix are Carnegie Mellon University, the Southwest Researcher Institute and SRI International.
The Ground X-Vehicle Technology program (GXV-T) will develop an array of technology in four areas for the combat machines: radically enhanced mobility, survivability through agility, crew augmentation and signature management.
The program is looking at new capabilities that will allow the machines to travel up steep slopes and travel around uneven elevations.
For instance, the group has interest in revolutionary wheel/track and suspension technology that would give vehicles access to all type of terrain and move faster on- and off-road.
The contract also includes ways to improve situational and threat detection, as well as technology that provides a 360-view from a control base-- technology used in commercial airline cockpits.
These cutting-edge machines are set to be autonomous, so they will need technology that can recognize incoming threats on their own.
And the program is interested in technology that includes vertical and horizontal movement of armor that can react in real-time to incoming threats, such as missiles.
'DARPA's performers for GXV-T are helping defy the 'more armor equals better protection' axiom that has constrained armored ground vehicle design for the past 100 years, and are paving the way toward innovative, disruptive vehicles for the 21st Century and beyond,' said Major Christopher Orlowski, DARPA program manager
DARPA awarded a total of eight contracts to a group of defense contractors and research institutes. Corporate units include Raytheon, Honeywell International, Ledios, QuinetiQ and Pratt & Miller. Also in the mix are Carnegie Mellon University, the Southwest Researcher Institute and SRI International. Without the heavy steel shells, these vehicles will be much lighter and easier to transport
DARPA awarded a total of eight contracts to a group of defense contractors and research institutes. Corporate units include Raytheon, Honeywell International, Ledios, QuinetiQ and Pratt & Miller. Also in the mix are Carnegie Mellon University, the Southwest Researcher Institute and SRI International. Without the heavy steel shells, these vehicles will be much lighter and easier to transport
GXV-T plans to explore ways to provide semi-autonomous driver assistance and the augmentation of key functions.
And although the vehicle will be able to see for miles, it will be designed with infrared, acoustic and electromagnetic stealth capabilities to reduce detectable signatures.
'We're exploring a variety of potentially groundbreaking technologies, all of which are designed to improve vehicle mobility, vehicle survivability and crew safety and performance without piling on armor,' said Major Orlowski.
DARPA says the US Army and Marine Corps have expressed interest in future GXV-T capabilities.
Autonomous machines are the future of the military, as there have been many discussions and plans surrounding autonomous weapons.
And although these futuristic devices would ease the burden for human soldiers, it also poses a threat to our safety and security, experts have warned.
At a recent meeting, researchers said they were concerned these war machines could engage in unethical behavior and become a playground for hackers.
Unlike today's drones, which are entirely controlled by humans, autonomous weapons in the future could potentially select and engage targets on their own.
These concerns, among others, were highlighted at the recent World Economic Forum in Davos, Switerland in January.
'It was one of the concerns that we itemized last year,' Toby Walsh, professor of artificial intelligence (AI) at the school of computer science and engineering at the University of New South Wales, told FoxNews.com.
'Most of us believe that we don't have the ability to build ethical robots.'
The contract will also include ways to improve situational and threat detection, as well as technology that provides a 360-view from a control base-- technology used in commercial airline cockpits. These cutting-edge machines are set to be autonomous, so they will need technology that can recognize incoming threats on their own
The contract will also include ways to improve situational and threat detection, as well as technology that provides a 360-view from a control base-- technology used in commercial airline cockpits. These cutting-edge machines are set to be autonomous, so they will need technology that can recognize incoming threats on their own
The program is looking at new capabilities that will allow the machines to travel up steep slopes and travel around uneven elevations. For instance, the group has interest in revolutionary wheel/track and suspension technology that would give vehicles access to all type of terrain and move faster on- and off-road
The program is looking at new capabilities that will allow the machines to travel up steep slopes and travel around uneven elevations. For instance, the group has interest in revolutionary wheel/track and suspension technology that would give vehicles access to all type of terrain and move faster on- and off-road
'What is especially worrying is that the various militaries around the world will be fielding robots in just a few years, and we don't think anyone will be building ethical robots.' 
Others say we are just 'jumping the gun' altogether when talking about an AI revolt.
'For the most part weapons like this don't exist today,' Paul Scharre, senior fellow and director of the Ethical Autonomy Project at the Center for a New American Security, told FoxNews.com.
'Most systems are still fire and forget and even the advanced systems are designed not to choose a target, but to correct to hit the target.'
Scharre, who gave a press note at the World Economic Forum, also mentioned that even though autonomous weapons are not forbidden in war, it will be a challenge to create ones that comply with accepted rules of engagement.
'Even if they could operate lawfully, however, autonomous weapons raise serious moral and ethical challenges. Is it right to give a machine the power over life and death?', he said.
'And finally, even if autonomous weapons would be legal and moral, they may be extremely dangerous.'
The Ground X-Vehicle Technology program (GXV-T) will develop an array of technology in four areas for the combat machines: radically enhanced mobility, survivability through agility, crew augmentation and signature management. The program is looking at new capabilities that will allow the machines to travel up steep slopes and travel around uneven elevations
The Ground X-Vehicle Technology program (GXV-T) will develop an array of technology in four areas for the combat machines: radically enhanced mobility, survivability through agility, crew augmentation and signature management. The program is looking at new capabilities that will allow the machines to travel up steep slopes and travel around uneven elevations
GXV-T also plans to explore ways to provide semi-autonomous driver assistance and the augmentation of key functions. And although the vehicle will be able to see for miles, it will be designed with infrared, acoustic and electromagnetic stealth capabilities to reduce detectable signatures
GXV-T also plans to explore ways to provide semi-autonomous driver assistance and the augmentation of key functions. And although the vehicle will be able to see for miles, it will be designed with infrared, acoustic and electromagnetic stealth capabilities to reduce detectable signatures
'The consequences of a malfunction or enemy hacking of an autonomous weapon could be severe.'
Autonomous weapons are not being used by any nation at the moment, but some have deployed unmanned vehicles in combat zones.
If the security systems safeguarding the autonomous technology can be overridden by hackers, it could cause havoc on the battlefield.
'There have been efforts to harden the data link's encryption to make the connection with the operator more secure,' said Huw Williams, editor of IHS Jane's International Defence Review.
'It remains a concern, no encryption is perfect and there is still the danger that a data link can be broken.'
Hijacking risks will increase as the system becomes more automated, regardless if the platform is still controlled by a human operator. 
'We're exploring a variety of potentially groundbreaking technologies, all of which are designed to improve vehicle mobility, vehicle survivability and crew safety and performance without piling on armor,' said Major Orlowski. DARPA said the US Army and Marine Corps have expressed interest in future GXV-T capabilities
'We're exploring a variety of potentially groundbreaking technologies, all of which are designed to improve vehicle mobility, vehicle survivability and crew safety and performance without piling on armor,' said Major Orlowski. DARPA said the US Army and Marine Corps have expressed interest in future GXV-T capabilities